Plastics have become a major source of pollution due to their ubiquitous use in a wide array of products. Most plastics are not readily biodegradable and can wind up as litter or are simply disposed of in landfi lls. It is estimated that only 9% of the plastic in the US is recycled . Plastics discarded into the environment can be ingested by animals, break down into smaller particles which can also be ingested, or leach other compounds into the environment which can potentially cause damage. Leachates can include plasticizers, fl ame retardants, blowing agents, UV stabilizers, dyes and a host of other compounds added to the polymers.
Micro- and nanoplastics pollution in oceans, lakes and other water sources is an on-going and well-documented issue. Sources and entry ways of these plastics include grey water, surface runoff, and litter. Grey water is defi ned as the relatively clean wastewater from sources such as baths, sinks, washing machines and dishwashers. The very small plastic particle size precludes effi cient removal during the wastewater treatment process. As a result, fi sh and other aquatic life ingest the plastics, which introduces them into the food chain and causes possible adverse effects.
Mineral oil hydrocarbon (MOH) contaminants can be found in foods such as cereals, baked goods, fats and oils, coffee and many more. MOH can be introduced through process aids, additives, and machine- and lubricating oils used during food processing. Packaging such as jute bags used to store and transport foods, recycled cardboard, and printing inks are other major sources of MOH contamination. MOH are separated into Mineral Oil Saturated Hydrocarbons (MOSH) and Mineral Oil Aromatic Hydrocarbons (MOAH). Some MOAH are known carcinogens and MOSH are known to accumulate in human body tissue. Subsequently, food products should be analyzed and monitored for their presence.
Aroma Office 2D (Gerstel K.K.) is an integrated software approach for simultaneous processing of retention index (RI) and mass spectra (MS) for rapid and improved identification of flavor/aroma compounds. The previous Ver. 6 (and earlier) of this software ran on the Agilent ChemStation platform and the current Ver. 7 upgrades to integration into MassHunter Unknowns Analysis. After MassHunter deconvolution and mass spectral library search, the data is processed by Aroma Office with cross searching of deconvoluted library search results and RI values. The Aroma Search module allows an entire Total Ion Chromatogram (TIC) to be processed automatically.